What is Dark Circles?

Dark circles happen when the skin beneath both eyes looks darkened, it is usually caused by being tired. Sometimes, what appears to be under your eyelids are just shadows cast by puffy eyelids or hollows under your eyes develop as a normal part of aging.

Such are under your eyelids are common in both men and women. This is often accompanied with bags and can make your look older than you actually are. In addition, it can also make you look exhausted and very unhealthy. These are also very hard to get rid of.

They are often temporary and just a sign of aging process or a lack of sleep. They also are typically no cause for alarm. However, if the discoloration or swelling worsens over time, we recommend you to visit your doctor or dermatologist to make sure that there is no other medical condition causing it.

What are the common causes?

There are several factors that contributes to the development of it, these common causes includes:


Being dehydrated is a common cause. When your body is not properly hydrated, the skin beneath your eyes begins to look dull and the eyes will look sunken. This is because of their close proximity to the underlying bone.

Natural Aging

Another common cause of it is natural aging. As you grow older your skin becomes thinner, and you will start to loose fat and collagen that helps to maintain your skin’s elasticity. As this occurs, the dark blood vessels beneath your skin become more visible causing the area below your eyes to darken. These are all part of natural aging process.


Extreme fatigue, lack of sleep, or oversleeping are major cause of dark circles. Sleep deprivation can cause your skin to become dull and pale, allowing for dark tissues and blood vessels beneath your skin to show. It can also cause fluid to build underneath your eyes, causing them to look puffy. Thus, the thing you see may actually be shadows cast by your puffy eyelids.

Eye Strain

Significant strain on your eyes caused by staring at a television, computer screen, or mobile phones can cause significant strain on your eyes, resulting to blood vessels around your eyes to enlarge and the skin surrounding the eyes to look darkened.


Your genetics may also play a big role in the development of dark circles under your eyes. It can be an inherited trait seen early in childhood, and may become worse as your grow older or it may disappear. Medical conditions such as thyroid disease – can also result in dark circles beneath your eyes.

Sun Exposure

Over production of melanin (the pigment that provides the color to your skin) caused by sun overexposure can also result to dark circles. Therefore, the dark circles under your eyes may actually be caused by pigmentation.

Read: What is Anti-aging Face Yoga?

One way knowing your current skin condition is by using an online full facial analyzer, it will analyze your skin pores, wrinkles, dark circles, and spots/pigmentation and then recommend the right regimen to fix the issues.