What is Hyperpigmentation?
The patches of skin that become darker than surrounding skin areas are called hyperpigmentation. These patches are results from excess melanin production caused by acne scars and sun damage to hormone fluctuations.
Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition. It affects people of all skin types. These are the common types of hyperpigmentation.
- Age Spots – It is also called liver spots. These brown, tan, or black spots are commonly appearing on the face and hand or on sun-exposed areas of the body.
- Melasma – Melasma is also called chloasma or “the mask of pregnancy.
Women taking birth control pills, pregnant, and people with darker skin are more prone to melasma. They usually appear on the forehead, face, and stomach.
The result of injury or inflammation to the skin are called Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. The common cause of this is acne or eczema, which usually appear on the face and neck.
How to get rid of hyperpigmentation?
Although hyperpigmentation is harmless and usually isn’t a sign of a serious medical condition. There is a range of possible treatment methods and home remedies that people can try.
Therefore, to prevent it or to stop it from becoming more noticeable:
- Avoid sun exposure. Sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher will protect your skin and stop it from becoming darker.
- Don’t pick your skin. Avoid picking at spots, scabs, and acne to prevent it from forming after an injury.
Many people use topical treatments to treat their hyperpigmentation. Topical treatments will include ingredients that lighten the skin, such as:
- azelaic acid
- kojic acid
- retinoids, such as tretinoin
- vitamin C
To lighten the skin areas, there are cosmetic procedures available to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation. Cosmetic procedures for these include:
- laser therapy
- intense pulsed light
- chemical peels
In conclusion, people can get rid of their hyperpigmentation using removal technics like creams and cosmetic treatments. Before considering undergoing one of these procedures, you should discuss the process and possible side effects with a dermatologist or skin care specialist.
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