Foundation is a cosmetic base used to conceal blemishes and even out your skin tone so that the rest of your makeup can be applied evenly. Because the wrong foundation can look obvious and unnatural and won’t create the proper canvas for the rest of your cosmetics, it’s critical to use the right shade. When choosing a foundation shade, several factor should be considered, such as skin type, skin tone, and complexion.
Learning About Your Skin
Understand your undertone.
It’s better to figure out your undertone. While the color of your skin’s surface can change due to various factors such as exposure to the elements or acne, your undertone will never change. As a result, determining your undertone will assist you in selecting the appropriate foundation color. People generally have one of three undertones:
- If your skin is cool, it is more blue, red, or pink.
- Warm skin is more golden, yellow, or peach.
- Your skin will be neutral, which means it will have a mix of cool and warm colors.
Determine your undertone.
You can use a few tests to determine whether your undertone is warm, cool, or neutral. The tests look at your hair and eye color, as well as what colors suit you best, how you react to the sun, and the color of your veins.
- A cool undertone is indicated by naturally black, brown, or blonde hair with green, grey, or blue eyes. A warm undertone is indicated by hazel, brown, or amber eyes paired with naturally black, auburn, or strawberry blonde hair.
- If your undertone is cool, silver jewelry will look best on you; if your undertone is warm, gold jewelry will look best on you; someone with a neutral undertone will look good in both silver and gold.
- People who are cool will quickly turn pink or burn in the sun, whereas those who are warm will bronze or tan.
- Cool veins on the inner wrist; warm veins on the inner wrist; bluish-green veins on the inner wrist; neutral veins on the inner wrist
Know the best foundation for your skin type.
Knowing whether you have dry or oily skin won’t help you choose a foundation shade, but it will help you choose the right foundation type. It’s possible to have oily, dry, or combination skin, as well as normal or sensitive skin.
- If you have oily skin, go for a matte finish or an oil-free liquid or powder foundation.
- If you have dry skin, use a moisturizing or hydrating cream or a stick foundation.
- If you have sensitive skin, look for a foundation that is hypoallergenic and fragrance-free.
- If you have combination skin, use a powder foundation.
- If you have an uneven complexion and want to cover most of your skin, look for a foundation with full or medium coverage. If you have a fairly even complexion and want a more natural look, look for a foundation that offers partial or sheer coverage.
- It’s always a good idea to buy a foundation with an SPF, as this will provide some protection from the sun’s harmful UVA and UVB rays.
Finding the Perfect Foundation Shade
Use your skin to narrow down your choices.
You already know what to look for in a foundation based on your skin type, so now it’s time to apply what you’ve learned about your undertone to shade selection. Consider what foundation bases and shades will look best on you based on your undertones before going to the pharmacy or makeup store.
- Choose a foundation with a rose, red, or blue base and shades like cocoa, rose, sable, and porcelain for cool undertones.
- Choose a foundation with a gold or yellow base and shades like caramel, golden, tan, chestnut, and beige if you have warm undertones.
- Consider shades like buff, nude, ivory, or praline for neutral undertones.
Choose a makeup store, pharmacy, or department store.
When purchasing a foundation, look for a store that assists beauty experts who can assist you in selecting the appropriate shade and foundation. If that isn’t an option, look for a store that offers in-store testers so you can choose the right shade before you buy. As a last resort, go to a store that allows you to return cosmetics if you make a mistake.
Test a few shades.
Select some foundations to try out based on the information about the best shades for your undertone. Choose a few shades that appear to be the closest match to your skin tone by eye. Then, dab some foundation swatches on your jawline to see how they look. Your jawline skin will be more accurate to your natural undertone and give you an idea of how the foundation will look against your neck.
- Hold the foundation bottles up to your neck and jawline if the store doesn’t have testers.
- Find a door or window to see how the foundation shades will look in natural light, whether you’re using testers or simply holding bottles up to your skin. This will also give the foundation time to dry, allowing you to see how it will look throughout the day.
Choose your foundation.
The best foundation is one that blends in seamlessly with your skin. The purpose of the foundation is to provide an even canvas on which to work, not to be seen. Use the swatches on your jawline to see which foundation matches your skin the best. This is the foundation shade that covers blemishes and redness the best while still appearing natural.
- If your store doesn’t have testers, buy a few shades at once so you can try them out at home and compare them.
Customizing a Foundation
If your foundation is too dark, lighten it. You can customize the color of your foundation to create a better match for your skin, whether you bought the wrong one and can’t return it or you’re still using an older bottle. Applying foundation with a wet sponge rather than your fingers is one way to make it lighter. You can also lighten foundation by combining it with:
- A lighter foundation
- Concealer or finishing powder
Darken foundation that’s too light.
You can make a foundation darker if it’s too light for your skin, just like you can lighten it if it’s too dark. To make the foundation darker, use the following techniques:
- Adding blush or concealer
- Mixing it with bronzer
- Combining it with a darker foundation or tinted moisturizer
Change the color of your foundation.
The foundation that doesn’t match your undertone can also be customized. Turmeric can be used to give your foundation a yellow undertone. To match a pinker or blue undertone, use a pinkish-brown blush. Cocoa powder can be used to make a foundation browner.